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Hollinshead Water-wise Garden Plants

Photo:
Pat Kolling

Taxon ID#

82

Large, upright, multi-stemmed shrub that can be somewhat sprawling with five-petal, tiny, pink flowers in large flattened umbel-like cymes up to 10" across; lemon-scented; good in natural settings

Scientific  Name:

Sambucus nigra 'Eva'

Common Name 1

› Black Lace Elderberry

Family:

Adoxaceae

Origins:

Europe, northern Africa, southwestern Asia

Plant Type:

Med - Lg Shrub (usually >3' and never < 1.5')
Common Name 2

Common Name 3

Oregon native:

no

Western state native:

no

Scroll down for more information on each topic

Landscape Application Information

Seasonal Care

Resource Links

MAINTENANCE

Maintenance Level:

Medium

Min. USDA Hardiness Zone:

4

Sun Preference:

Full Sun

Water Preference:

M

Soil Preference:

Loamy, well-drained, moist but tolerates a wide range

Fertilizer Needs:

Actively producing mature plant: 1 cup ammonium sulfate per year; phosphorus and potassium based on soil test results

Recommended Mulch:

Apply 3 to 4 inches of an acidic mulch from the center of the plant out 4 feet

PLANT DESCRIPTION

Foliage Color:

Purple

Foliage Description:

Compound pinnate leaves with 3-7 ovate to elliptic short-stalked leaflets to 5 inches with sharply serrate margins; generally retains color throughout most of the growing season

Fragrant:

yes

Predominant flower color:

Pink

Flower Description:

Tiny five-petal flowers in showy, flattened umbel-like cymes to 10" across; lemon-scented; hermaphrodite; pollinated by flies

Fall color:

no

Fall Color Description:

Winter Foliage:

Deciduous

Winter Interest:

no

Winter Interest Description:

Mature height:

6-8'

Mature spread:

6-8'

Growth rate:

Medium

LANDSCAPE APPLICATION

Deer Resistant:

no

Fire Resistant:

yes

Attracts Pollinators:

yes

Attracts Butterflies:

yes

Native Habitat:

Parent species found in valleys, canyons, washes, slopes, seasonal drainages, and other areas where a little extra moisture is present. Sometimes found as part of wetland/riparian community, other times in more mesic portions of chaparral or woodland.

Attracts Birds:

yes

Cut/Dried Flowers:

no

Used by Wildlife:

yes

Swales:

yes

Wildlife Use:

Berries and flowers

Photo:
Pat Kolling

Hedge/Screen:

yes

Border:

yes

Erosion Control:

no

Windbreak:

no

Ground Cover:

no

Provides Shade:

no

Rock Garden:

no

Cover Structures:

no

First Bloom:

Jun

Last Bloom:

Adds Texture/Movement:

Jul

Ornamental Accent:

yes

no

Garden Observations:

Seasonal Care
Maintenance

SEASONAL CARE

Spring Care:

Prune suckers as they appear unless naturalizing is desired; remove weeds by hand

Summer Care:

Prune suckers as they appear unless naturalizing is desired; remove weeds by hand

Fall Care:

Prune suckers as they appear unless naturalizing is desired; remove weeds by hand; prune diseased, dead, damaged

Winter Care:

Prune in late winter to allow more light, improve branch structure and control size. branches and/or shoots at the base may be removed at any time.

Long Term Care:

Remove 3-year-old and older canes or cut back to the ground to rejuvenate; remove all dead, damaged or diseased canes, tip back weak canes

Insect Pests:

Borers, spider mites, aphids, leaf-cutting bee, Emerging pest: spotted-wing drosophila

Wildlife Pests:

Diseases:

Canker, powdery mildew, leaf spot

Environmental Problems:

Branches susceptible to damage from high winds or from heavy snow/ice in winter; ozone pollution

Landscape Problems:

Fruit can be messy and cause staining

Care Comments:

Elderberry produces fruit on current year growth, 1- year-old and some 2-year-old canes. Unpruned plants can rapidly become unattractive and weedy in appearance. For the best fruiting, plan to pair it with a York Elderberry, Black Beauty? or Laced Up? E

Landscape Application
Resource Links

Plant Maintenance Information

Image by Mikaela Wiedenhoff

Sponsors
Desert Peaks Healthcare
George & Vickie Minor
Whistle Stop Farm & Flowers

McPheeter's Turf
High Desert Farms Nursery Sales, LLC
Schilling's Garden Market

Speakers
Karen McCarthy, Madras Garden Depot
Dan Denning, City of Bend
Nicole Bell, OSU Ecology Lab

Professor Amy Jo Detweiler
Craig LeHoullier
Amanda Egertson, Deschutes Land Trust
Dana Sanchez, OSU
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Renee's Garden Seeds
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