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Hollinshead Water-wise Garden Plants

Photo:
Nancy Glick

Taxon ID#

74

At first, a dense globe-shaped shrub that soon develops a slowly growing leader and becomes broadly conical, grows about 4 cm per year.

Scientific  Name:

Picea sitchensis

Common Name 1

› Dwarf Sitka Spruce

Family:

Pinacea

Origins:

Discovered as seedling growing in forests of Vancouver Island, British Columbia, given to Victoria Parks Department which shared it with William Goddard, Floravista Gardens, Victoria, British Columbia, in about 1964

Plant Type:

Med - Lg Shrub (usually >3' and never < 1.5')
Common Name 2

Common Name 3

Oregon native:

yes

Western state native:

yes

Scroll down for more information on each topic

Landscape Application Information

Seasonal Care

Resource Links

MAINTENANCE

Maintenance Level:

Low

Min. USDA Hardiness Zone:

7

Sun Preference:

Full Sun

Water Preference:

H

Soil Preference:

Moist to wet, sandy soil. Tree prefers rich, forest soil with well-decomposed organic component derived from decaying wood. For garden purposes add redwood compost to soil mix.

Fertilizer Needs:

Recommended Mulch:

PLANT DESCRIPTION

Foliage Color:

Green

Foliage Description:

Needles are yellowish green to bluish-green, stiff, very sharp, 1 to 1< inches long, with white lines of stomata on the upper surface

Fragrant:

no

Predominant flower color:

No Flower

Flower Description:

Fall color:

yes

Fall Color Description:

Green foliage

Winter Foliage:

Evergreen

Winter Interest:

yes

Winter Interest Description:

Foliage and cones

Mature height:

6'

Mature spread:

6'

Growth rate:

Slow

LANDSCAPE APPLICATION

Deer Resistant:

no

Fire Resistant:

no

Attracts Pollinators:

no

Attracts Butterflies:

no

Native Habitat:

Tree: Moist places near river mouths at lower elevations and usually near the coast, well-drained sites such as alluvial floodplains, marine terraces, and headlands

Attracts Birds:

yes

Cut/Dried Flowers:

no

Used by Wildlife:

yes

Swales:

no

Wildlife Use:

Browsed by birds in spring; habitat for mammals, reptiles and amphibians

Photo:

Hedge/Screen:

no

Border:

no

Erosion Control:

no

Windbreak:

no

Ground Cover:

no

Provides Shade:

yes

Rock Garden:

no

Cover Structures:

no

First Bloom:

Last Bloom:

Adds Texture/Movement:

Ornamental Accent:

yes

yes

Garden Observations:

Seasonal Care
Maintenance

SEASONAL CARE

Spring Care:

Summer Care:

Dead, diseased, and broken wood can be removed at any time of year. However, for general pruning the best time is in late winter or early spring just before growth begins

Fall Care:

Dead, diseased, and broken wood can be removed at any time of year. However, for general pruning the best time is in late winter or early spring just before growth begins

Winter Care:

Prune in winter when wood boring insects are less active.

Long Term Care:

In pruning most other needled and broadleaf evergreens, cuts can be made at any point along the branch, but care should be taken not to cut too far back into the older wood. New growth is not as readily produced from old wood. When selectively pruning, al

Insect Pests:

Spruce aphids, Cooley spruce gall adelgid, Carnation tortrix, Coneworm, Douglas fir tussuck moth, Hemlock scale, Pine needle scale, Spruce budscale, Silver-spotted tiger moth, Spruce budworms, Spruce needleminer, Spruce spider mite, Webworm, White pine we

Wildlife Pests:

Diseases:

Sparassis root rot, Annosus root disease, Botrytis blight, Bud failure, Cytospora cnker, Damping off, Drought injury, Needle distortion, Phytophthora root rot, Rhizosphaera needle cast, Rusts, Stem decay, Tip blight

Environmental Problems:

Intolerant of atmospheric pollution

Landscape Problems:

Care Comments:

RESOURCES

OSU Landscape Profile:

USDA Plants:

Calscape Database:

LBJ Native Plant Database:

Missouri Botanical Garden Database:

Monrovia Profile:

Alternate Source 1:

Alternate Source 2:

Source Comment:

Landscape Application
Resource Links

Plant Maintenance Information

Image by Mikaela Wiedenhoff

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Karen McCarthy, Madras Garden Depot
Dan Denning, City of Bend
Nicole Bell, OSU Ecology Lab

Professor Amy Jo Detweiler
Craig LeHoullier
Amanda Egertson, Deschutes Land Trust
Dana Sanchez, OSU
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