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Hollinshead Water-wise Garden Plants

Photo:
Pat Kolling

Taxon ID#

7

A mat-forming shrub with glossy-green leaves, pinkish-white flowers in spring, followed by red berries in the fall. Reddish
fall color.

Scientific  Name:

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'massachusetts'

Common Name 1

› Kinnickinnick

Family:

Ericaceae

Origins:

Specific variety developed by Robert Ticknor, Oregon State University, from seed collected in Massachusetts. Native to northern, coastal, and montane Eurasia to northern, coastal, and montane North America.

Plant Type:

Small Shrub (usually < 1.5' and not >3')
Common Name 2

› Massachusetts Kinnickinnick

Common Name 3

› Massachusetts Bearberry

Oregon native:

yes

Western state native:

yes

Scroll down for more information on each topic

Landscape Application Information

Seasonal Care

Resource Links

MAINTENANCE

Maintenance Level:

Low

Min. USDA Hardiness Zone:

2

Sun Preference:

Full Sun

Water Preference:

VL

Soil Preference:

Grow in acidic, dry to medium, well-drained, sandy or gritty soils in full sun.

Fertilizer Needs:

Plants should not be fertilized.

Recommended Mulch:

Gravel or nothing

PLANT DESCRIPTION

Foliage Color:

Green

Foliage Description:

Glossy, green simple leaves; arranged alternately

Fragrant:

yes

Predominant flower color:

White

Flower Description:

Terminal clusters of small, urn-shaped flowers, white tinged with pink; slightly fragrant

Fall color:

yes

Fall Color Description:

Reddish foliage & berries in fall

Winter Foliage:

Evergreen

Winter Interest:

yes

Winter Interest Description:

Reddish foliage in the winter

Mature height:

4-8"

Mature spread:

10-15'

Growth rate:

Fast

LANDSCAPE APPLICATION

Deer Resistant:

yes

Fire Resistant:

yes

Attracts Pollinators:

yes

Attracts Butterflies:

yes

Native Habitat:

Grows in dry rocky soils, outcrops, from coast to alpine.

Attracts Birds:

yes

Cut/Dried Flowers:

no

Used by Wildlife:

yes

Swales:

no

Wildlife Use:

Berries eaten by many birds and animals

Photo:
Kathy Ketchum

Hedge/Screen:

no

Border:

yes

Erosion Control:

yes

Windbreak:

no

Ground Cover:

yes

Provides Shade:

no

Rock Garden:

yes

Cover Structures:

no

First Bloom:

Jun

Last Bloom:

Adds Texture/Movement:

Sep

Ornamental Accent:

no

no

Garden Observations:

Seasonal Care
Maintenance

SEASONAL CARE

Spring Care:

Summer Care:

Fall Care:

Winter Care:

Long Term Care:

"Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)-Rust | Pacific Northwest Pest Management Handbooks (pnwhandbooks.org):
Appears to be a fungus, Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli, which requires an alternate host (spruce) to complete its life cycle. Moisture on leaves favor

Insect Pests:

No serious insect problems.

Wildlife Pests:

Diseases:

Black Root Rot; Leaf Gall; Leaf Spot; Phytophthora Dieback; Rust

Environmental Problems:

Landscape Problems:

No serious insect or disease problems. If grown in poorly-drained sites or in climates hotter than preferred, this bearberry becomes more susceptible to certain diseases such as root rot, black mildew, leaf gall, leaf spot and rust.

'Massachusetts' has g

Care Comments:

This shrub species requires very little maintenance once it has been established. Weed growth must be controlled to sustain healthy stands of bearberry.

Landscape Application
Resource Links

Plant Maintenance Information

Image by Mikaela Wiedenhoff

Sponsors
Desert Peaks Healthcare
George & Vickie Minor
Whistle Stop Farm & Flowers

McPheeter's Turf
High Desert Farms Nursery Sales, LLC
Schilling's Garden Market

Speakers
Karen McCarthy, Madras Garden Depot
Dan Denning, City of Bend
Nicole Bell, OSU Ecology Lab

Professor Amy Jo Detweiler
Craig LeHoullier
Amanda Egertson, Deschutes Land Trust
Dana Sanchez, OSU
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