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A mat-forming shrub with glossy-green leaves, pinkish-white flowers in spring, followed by red berries in the fall. Reddish
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi 'massachusetts'
Common Name 1
Specific variety developed by Robert Ticknor, Oregon State University, from seed collected in Massachusetts. Native to northern, coastal, and montane Eurasia to northern, coastal, and montane North America.
Small Shrub (usually < 1.5' and not >3')
Common Name 2
› Massachusetts Kinnickinnick
Common Name 3
› Massachusetts Bearberry
Western state native:
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Plant Maintenance Information
Landscape Application Information
Min. USDA Hardiness Zone:
Grow in acidic, dry to medium, well-drained, sandy or gritty soils in full sun.
Plants should not be fertilized.
Gravel or nothing
Glossy, green simple leaves; arranged alternately
Predominant flower color:
Terminal clusters of small, urn-shaped flowers, white tinged with pink; slightly fragrant
Fall Color Description:
Reddish foliage & berries in fall
Winter Interest Description:
Reddish foliage in the winter
Grows in dry rocky soils, outcrops, from coast to alpine.
Used by Wildlife:
Berries eaten by many birds and animals
Long Term Care:
"Kinnikinnick (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi)-Rust | Pacific Northwest Pest Management Handbooks (pnwhandbooks.org):
Appears to be a fungus, Chrysomyxa arctostaphyli, which requires an alternate host (spruce) to complete its life cycle. Moisture on leaves favor
No serious insect problems.
Black Root Rot; Leaf Gall; Leaf Spot; Phytophthora Dieback; Rust
No serious insect or disease problems. If grown in poorly-drained sites or in climates hotter than preferred, this bearberry becomes more susceptible to certain diseases such as root rot, black mildew, leaf gall, leaf spot and rust.
'Massachusetts' has g
This shrub species requires very little maintenance once it has been established. Weed growth must be controlled to sustain healthy stands of bearberry.
OSU Landscape Profile:
LBJ Native Plant Database:
Missouri Botanical Garden Database:
Alternate Source 1:
Alternate Source 2:
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