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Hollinshead Water-wise Garden Plants

Photo:
Pat Kolling

Taxon ID#

76

Bushy, multi-stemmed shrub or broad-rounded small tree

Scientific  Name:

Pinus mugo 'pumilio'

Common Name 1

› Mugo Pine

Family:

Pinaceae

Origins:

Mountains of central and southern Europe; var. mugo found in the Alps and Balkans

Plant Type:

Med - Lg Shrub (usually >3' and never < 1.5')
Common Name 2

› Swiss Mountain Pine

Common Name 3

Oregon native:

no

Western state native:

no

Scroll down for more information on each topic

Plant Maintenance Information

Landscape Application Information

Seasonal Care

Resource Links

MAINTENANCE

Maintenance Level:

Low

Min. USDA Hardiness Zone:

2

Sun Preference:

Full Sun

Water Preference:

L

Soil Preference:

Moist, well-drained loams; grows well in sandy soils, but is also somewhat tolerant of clays. Avoid poorly-drained wet soils.

Fertilizer Needs:

Recommended Mulch:

PLANT DESCRIPTION

Foliage Color:

Green

Foliage Description:

Rigid and slightly curved needles 1 to 2 inches long in fascicles of twos with serrate margins

Fragrant:

no

Predominant flower color:

No Flower

Flower Description:

Fall color:

yes

Fall Color Description:

Green foliage

Winter Foliage:

Evergreen

Winter Interest:

yes

Winter Interest Description:

Green foliage

Mature height:

2-20'

Mature spread:

3 - 20'

Growth rate:

Slow

LANDSCAPE APPLICATION

Deer Resistant:

yes

Fire Resistant:

no

Attracts Pollinators:

no

Attracts Butterflies:

no

Native Habitat:

Attracts Birds:

yes

Cut/Dried Flowers:

no

Used by Wildlife:

yes

Swales:

no

Wildlife Use:

Photo:

Hedge/Screen:

yes

Border:

no

Erosion Control:

no

Windbreak:

no

Ground Cover:

no

Provides Shade:

no

Rock Garden:

yes

Cover Structures:

no

First Bloom:

Last Bloom:

Adds Texture/Movement:

Ornamental Accent:

yes

yes

Garden Observations:

Application
Anchor 1

SEASONAL CARE

Spring Care:

Avoid pruning while pitch moths are active. Best to prune Oct - Feb.

Summer Care:

The candles can be pinched off or trimmed by 1/3 to 2/3 to limit the tree's yearly growth. Trimming the candles will encourage a�denser growth, since by the end of that�growing season, new terminal buds will have formed at the cut ends. �Next year?s grow

Fall Care:

Avoid pruning while pitch moths are active. Best to prune Oct - Feb.

Winter Care:

Pruning a tree during dormant season (e.g., late winter/early spring) will help the tree focus on strong shoots that grow rapidly - especially on the most severely pruned limbs. if you trim last year?s growth in February/March (which would likely include

Long Term Care:

Prune annually to retain compact size. Unpruned plants may outgrow designated planting spaces as they mature. Most conifers require little pruning. They are generally pruned for shape or to remove unwanted branches. It is important to distinguish between

Insect Pests:

Pine needle scale and sawflies can be serious problems in some areas. Moths and borers may appear

Wildlife Pests:

Diseases:

Tip blight, rusts and rots.

Environmental Problems:

Landscape Problems:

Care Comments:

Prefers cool summer climates. When pruning pines, make cuts just above the needle whorls. Most new lateral growth is stimulated at these points, rather than along the stems between the whorls.

RESOURCES

OSU Landscape Profile:

USDA Plants:

Calscape Database:

LBJ Native Plant Database:

Missouri Botanical Garden Database:

Monrovia Profile:

Alternate Source 1:

Alternate Source 2:

Source Comment:

Image by Mikaela Wiedenhoff

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Speakers
Karen McCarthy, Madras Garden Depot
Dan Denning, City of Bend
Nicole Bell, OSU Ecology Lab

Professor Amy Jo Detweiler
Craig LeHoullier
Amanda Egertson, Deschutes Land Trust
Dana Sanchez, OSU
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