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Upright, clump forming grass with interesting, airy seed heads. Great for a dry, rocky location. Indian rice grass is a 1-2 ft., perennial bunchgrass. The sage-green, wiry foliage and ivory-colored seed heads give the grass an overall light, airy appearance.
Min. USDA Hardiness Zone:
Prefers sandy course textured soils in its southern areas of adaptation and can be found on sands, fine sandy loams, silt loams, clay loams, gravelly, rocky, to shale areas in the mid-northern areas of its adaptation
Indian ricegrass stands respond well to light irrigation and light fertilization
East of the Cascades from BC to CA, E to Manitoba, MN, Western KS, Western TX & New Mex.
Western state native:
Numerous, mostly basal, blades slender, rolled, often as long as the culms; sheaths fringed on one margin only; leaves rolled in the bud; ligules up to 3/8 inch long, membranous, pointed, sometimes split; auricle absent.
Predominant flower color:
Wide spreading panicle inflorescence with a single flower at the end of each hair-like branch
Fall Color Description:
Winter Interest Description:
Dry grasslands and deserts of the North American Intermountain basin: East of the Cascades from B.C. to CA, East to Manitoba, MN, western KS, western TX & northern Mexico
Used by Wildlife:
For livestock and wildlife: highly palatable. It is a preferred feed for cattle, horses and elk in all seasons. It is considered a preferred feed for sheep, deer and antelope in spring and a desirable feed for sheep, deer, and antelope in late fall and wi
Cut back the foliage to about 4-6 inches in the spring before growth resumes. When foliage is removed, spring growth will begin earlier. Old foliage left on the plant can delay the crown's warming and subsequent growth by as much as 3 weeks.
Grasses do not need to be cut down before winter. In fact, they are attractive when left standing and the foliage helps to insulate the crown of the plant.
Long Term Care:
Indian ricegrass establishes slowly and new seedings should not be grazed until at least late summer or fall of the second growing season. New stands should not be grazed until the plants are reproducing by seed. Indian ricegrass benefits from grazing use
This species should be seeded with a deep furrow drill at a depth of 1/2 to 1 inch on medium to fine textured soils and 1 to 3 inches on coarse textured soils. A deeper planting depth puts the seed in contact with moist soil conditions, which aids in the
OSU Landscape Profile:
LBJ Native Plant Database:
Missouri Botanical Garden Database:
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Alternate Source 2:
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